tv BBC World News America PBS November 27, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PST
>> was yasir arafat poisons? his body is exhumed. and the enduring sound of jimi hendrix on what would have been his 70th birthday. his legacy to rock-and-roll is so strong. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. tonight cairo has become the focus point for protest. tens of thousands gathered to have their voices heard. days after muhammed morsi granted himself powers, his
opponents are calling on him to reverse course. there is little signs the standoff is breaking. >> of the march back to tahir square . this is a rally of lawyers. for many, it is the first time they have joined a demonstration. they strongly oppose the edict no courts can touch him. >> he is a dictator. we have created somebody more than hosni mubarak. >> the president tried to appease judges, some of his strongest critics. in a five hour meeting, he told them his new powers would be limited. but they were not satisfied. on the edge of the square, the clashes began release today. protesters in threw sticks at the u.s. embassy. the police responded with tear gas.
hear, the casualty toll is widening. these protesters are furious with the president. many fear he wants to turn the country in to listen now -- into an islamic state. some of them are kids looking for a fight. politicians linked arms. among them, a nobel prizewinner who has called the president and new faro. it turned into one of the biggest demonstrations since the revolution last year. >> the egyptians are not any more afraid of the authority, of the power. they have the courage to declare their desires and their demands and to work and to sacrifice to achieve their demands. >> and barely a year after the last revolution, egyptians are
demanding the president should go. and there is no sign when or where this confrontation will end. >> for more on the unrest, i spoke a short time ago with the director and president of the woodrow wilson international center for scholars. she has returned from cairo. you have been there three times, while we're seeing at the moment in egypt, are those the birth pains of a new democracy or is this something mysterious? >> i do not think we now. i think the crowd that wanted revolution does not have a clue how to build a democracy. and the techniques they seem to be using our boycott and protest. those are valuable tools but engaging the government and insisting on a compromise would be a better tool to get a constitution they can live with. at the moment, at least 30 of
them out of 100 have walked out of the assembly, which is a group of drafting the constitution. they claim they did cut deals and were undercut after they left the room and they climbed the document is inadequate. if i were they and i recommended this to some of them, i would go right back into the room and not move until i was heard. on the other side, the government is in a rush to file the document. i think what morsi did reflects his fear that he will not be able to file on time and he wants to do that. >> if you think it is rather -- that rather than what the protesters are saying, which is he is hijacking the revolutionary process. he wants to perhaps dropping as llamas constitution. >> yes and yes. the document, which i did not
see, the protesters are claiming is this -- i do not it imposes sharia law across the government. they claim it is not adequate to protect the separation of powers, to keep women in the 21st century instead of the stone age. not one person in the constitutional assembly is female. they say it does not protect it. what i am saying is, get in the game. it is time to go back to the table. i might give this advice to the congress, in our country, go back to the table and hammer it out. if both sides are dissatisfied, that means it is a good compromise. >> i wonder if we're expecting too much of a country that has had two decades of leadership. you point out the american example. it is a very fragile as well. >> of the risks are huge.
morsi had two good, impressive successes last week. one of them in -- was brokering a ceasefire in gaza, which is also fragile and holding for now. the second is the effort he has made to get the imf to commit four $0.8 billion in loans with billions from the european union and maybe some money from us, depending on congress, to follow. that is a boost to his economy. again, he has to show results on the ground. he has to do two different things. show his government is legitimate to. and he has to show he can build jobs and clean up the trash and produce safety and the streets. >> there has been some successes as well. thank you for coming in. now to the mystery in the west
bank, the body of yasser arafat was exhumed a few hours ago so the scientists can find out if the leader was poisoned to death. the move follows a documentary which reported that traces of the radioactive elements polonium had been found on his clothing. eight years after his death, what could this investigation uncovered? we have this report. >> it looks down from billboards and posters. the man who dominance -- dominated politics for decades. revered by most and reviled by many israelis, yasir arafat died in 2004 after falling suddenly and violently ill. eight years later, and beyond prying eyes, his tomb was opened and samples of his remains were removed. all of this after a tv documentary said it had found
traces of the poison polonium on his clothing. for some of those who try to keep his memory alive, the exercise is pointless because they believe he was murdered. >> he was poisoned but we do not know exactly how it took place or how they manage to do that. >> you're convinced you was poisoned? >> yes. >> in opinions are divided in here. this man says arafat was killed because of palestinian infighting. most blame his traditional enemy. >> i think that the israelis killed him. >> israeli officials threatened to eliminate him many times. but even if this exercise show that there are talks and in his body, it does not prove how they got there or might have done it.
amid a media circus, israel to mock -- denies what it calls a ludicrous palestinian clans. palestinian officials were determined to prove -- preserve some dignity as his tomb was resealed. results of the test will not been known for several months. >> the term ponzi scheme has become all too familiar. this time is not bernie madoff. afghanistan's largest financial institution was used to steal hundreds of millions of dollars. a copy says that almost $900 million in loans were made just 219 people and companies. the fact was revealed when regulators seized the bank. it comes as an embarrassment to president karzai whose brother
is one of the main beneficiaries. >> afghanistan has seen so much money and it went into the hands of the tiniest number of people. to the relief, this moneychanger included the bank, survived. in fact, this was an international -- for the first time, a deal could -- a detailed explanation of what happened. i spoke by television to president karzai's brother. he is accused of taking millions but denies the charges.
>> they do not have one iota of evidence. that i took the money. i am challenging anyone in the world to come up with that. >> president karzai is not implicated in the report. today he was asking for international investment in afghanistan. the findings will not help his cause. this was a fraud committed by a tiny number of people in afghanistan. perhaps an even greater worry, there are still fears it could happen again. look at somea other news from around the world. the oecd has given a grim forecast for the global economy. it says growth is set for a slowdown and of the biggest threat from the economy is the
eurozone debt crisis. the forecast for the u.s. was also cut. hugo chavez will return to cuba for further treatment. he has been fighting cancer over the past 18 months and has had three operations so far. it is thought he will return home in time to be sworn in for his fourth term in japan where it. -- in january. today there was a meeting for officials. he will assume the top post on saturday and meeting with his northern neighbor, everything from the drug war to increased trade were on the table. for more, i spoke with shannon o'neill, a senior fellow at the council of foreign affairs. >> i was interested to read than americans have a more favorable view of greece and russia and they do of mexico. what is going on?
>> there was a poll that showed most americans see mexico was a problem. they see mexico, they think of drugs, poverty, corruption. they do not see what mexico has become. security is an issue but they miss many of the other parts, the economic boom over the 20 plus years. >> some 6 million americans owe their jobs to trade relations with mexico. >> exactly. what goes under the radar is how tight the economy as. mexico is our number 2 destination below canada. an estimated 6 million american jobs depend on mexico. if mexico is doing well, so are the u.s. jobs. >> to you think they realize their jobs are dependent on the mexican economy? >> i do not. i think this poll shows the lack of understanding. many people had a negative view.
almost as many people said, i do not know. they do not have enough information to say something about the country to the south. part of that is a lack of understanding of how important the economic ties are between the nations. >> most americans think about mexico, when they think about a comment illegal immigration and the drug war. there are headlines because 40,000 people have been killed. illegal immigration is a big political topic. what can mexico due to change perceptions? >> today's meeting was the first step. we had the two presidents meet for the first time. they will work together for the next four years. and mexico is bringing up the security issues, which will
continue to be an issue. but also bringing to the table economic issues. there was an op-ed in the washington post, this is what his government wants to prioritize. i think they're trying to change the focus of the relationship, expand it to include these issues and educate americans about how important a neighbor to the south is. >> with so much focus on mexicans, things will begin to change. thank you for joining me. you are watching bbc news. fighting drugs in sports. the man leading the charge tells us a dreadful message is being sent. the controversial press conference in football is
nothing new but this story is different. he is coming under fire for speaking in a french accent after a match. was he actually doing it? >> joey barton, a footballer skillful and sinful. he moved to marseille and swapped his liverpool accent for an odd flangais? >> [french accent] do you remember the person who finished second in the olympics? >> it might remind you of something. rather than laugh, perhaps we should applaud. an expert believes apart and is trying to adapt. >> i think he is an and french environment, surrounded by journalists. they are asking questions in english. he is trying to fit in.
i think it is natural. some people will do it, some people will not. >> it has happened before. here is his manager doing patch. >> i knew when i came here, i thought maybe one of them would drop, and it is arsenal. >> meanwhile, which is between languages, never mind that sense, what does he think about the french? >> i have not heard it. i am not optimistic about his performance. it is a little bit boring. >> there are always questions. so we wait to hear if he will answer like this. only once.
>> a doping has given the sports world a bad name recently and now the man leading the charge against drugs says that a lack of testing is sending a man -- dreadful message. the president of the anti- dumping agency accused football and other sports of failure of leadership. >> lance armstrong is now the top symbol of a failure to tackle drugs. the fallout is posing questions for all sports in the fight against doping. armstrong showed the gruesome lands some will go to, manipulating his own blood to evade detection. antidumping law authorities say the key is more tests, which are more effective in catching cheats. the head of the anti-dumping agency says without action, the
battle against drugs will be lost. >> we are wasting our time. have anying that you immunity to cheat. if they now there is a remote likelihood they will have to give a sample, it does not work for any program. >> when it comes to blood testing, the difference between sports is stark. cycling is setting an example. 35% of its samples were blood. athletics has made strides with 17%. but many exports are lagging behind. blood made up more than -- little more than 3% in football, tennis, and boxing. many blame it on the cost involved. >> we have to keep trying. otherwise we get a license to dope. >> the argument is always money.
when you look at some of the sports, they can afford it. is that not a failure of leadership? >> yes. i cannot argue. >> it is not just finish traders raising concerns, and the murray and roger federal -- federer warned about tennis. those running the sport to say they are listening. >> if there are areas where we could improve, i think it would be fair to say we will look at them and try to increase that as a proportion in the future. >> public confidence has been badly shaken by a lance armstrong scandal. a doping conspiracy on the scale meant -- never be repeated but sports cannot afford to take chances. >> to jimi hendrix, the mention of his name probably conjures up
a guitar riff. ♪ known for his showmanship, many remember when he set a guitar at fire at the monterey pop festival. moments before he did, he switched instruments and now this vendor is being auctioned. it is expected to fetch more than $200,000. today would have been his 70th birthday. for more on his appeal, i spoke with the editor of billboard magazine. how come he is so influential tax >> he did released three albums but they completely real imagine what the electric guitar could do. people are still exploring what he laid out in those records. it also does not heard he was
flamboyant, as flamboyant as he was gifted. he died tragically young. >> he has been described as number one. aru else is a distant number 2. >> he continues to be the mountaintop. he tops every magazine poll. you are right. everybody is a distant number 2. his contemporaries knew this. when he came to london, eric clapton, pete townshend saw him play. people were aghast at his incredible ability, and the volume. >> what was it he did with his electric guitar that was so new? i'm talking about the music. >> well, leaving aside the theatrics, which he did was
explorer feedback in a way no one had. he pushed the guitar passed limits that people understood it to have. his sound is one that what he played and the screeching noise as he could conjure and control. he recreated the instrument and it showed what his possibilities were. >> you have to talk about his physicality. he was scruffy, really. he was dusty and yet he would get onto the stage and was an amazing performer. >> really, white audiences had seen nothing like this before. a lot of what he did was standard on the chicken circuit. playing his guitar behind his head. these were all staples of the bat -- black circuit in the south. white america and england had never seen anything like this. there you were coming hearing
something you had never heard before, seeing something you had never heard, and quite possibly taking something you had never taken before that made everything look different. it was quite amazing. >> he played in a different time. thank you for joining me. jimi hendrix would have turned 70 today. that brings today's show to close. you can find more on our website. if you'd like to reach me, you can find us on twitter. for all of us here, thank you for watching. do tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international
news at bbc.com/news. >> funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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